More incidences in the life of Abraham are recorded in these three chapters from Genesis. In these chapters we see the faith of Abraham growing and becoming stronger.
Genesis 21:1–21—Son for Abraham. The promised son was finally born to Abraham and Sarah. •Circumstances for Isaac: in spite of the opposing circumstances, such as Abraham’s age of 100, God kept His Word and gave Abraham a son. •Circumcising of Isaac: Abraham was faithful to keep the seal of the covenant. •Celebration for Isaac: a feast when Isaac was weaned. •Cruelty to Isaac: Ishmael mocked Isaac at the feast. •Casting out from Isaac: because of the mocking, Ishmael and Hagar were cast out of Abraham’s home.
Genesis 21:22–34—Summit With Abimelech. •Reason for the summit: Abraham’s powerful and prosperous presence in the Philistine land was disconcerting to the Philistines, especially to their leaders. •Reproving in the summit: Abimelech was reproved about taking some of Abraham’s wells. •Result of the summit: peace.
Genesis 22—Sacrifice of Isaac. This was the greatest test of Abraham’s life. •Summons to make the sacrifice: Abraham is told by God to offer up Isaac on an altar. •Submission in the sacrifice: both Abraham and Isaac submitted to the command. •Substitution for the sacrifice: the ram caught in a thicket replaced Isaac on the altar. •Salvation in the sacrifice: this event gives a tremendous picture of Calvary and, in fact, took place in the same vicinity where Christ was crucified a millennium later.
Genesis 23—Sepulcher for Sarah. Abraham bought a grave for Sarah which became a very famous grave. •Need for the sepulcher: Sarah’s death (she died at 127 years of age). •Negotiations for the sepulcher: this included the confession of Abraham that he was a stranger; the concern of Abraham to give a respectful burial to Sarah; the compliments for Abraham by the people selling the grave to Abraham—they recognized Abraham’s excellent character; the courtesies of Abraham in the way he conducted himself during the purchasing of the sepulcher; and the compensation from Abraham which involved his prompt payment of the negotiated price for the sepulcher.
Butler, J. G. (2003). Daily Bible Reading: Synopsis (Vol. 1, p. 7). Clinton, IA: LBC Publications.