I. THE PREPARATION—vv. 17–19
A. The Passover—v. 17. The Passover Feast was the Jewish Feast of remembrance of deliverance from Egypt (Exod. 12).
B. The person—v. 18. Some feel this was John Mark’s father. Jesus, being a Jew, kept the Passover Feast. He kept it with His disciples.
C. The people—v. 19. The disciples kept the Passover with Jesus. They were obedient to His commands.
II. THE PRACTICE—vv. 20–25
A. The Christ—v. 20. Jesus sat down with His disciples to have the Last Supper (sometimes known as the the Lord’s Supper). This would be the last supper together.
B. The charge—v. 21. Jesus said one of the disciples would betray Him. What shocking news. No doubt they thought others would betray Christ, not one their own number.
C. The curiosity—v. 22. The disciples asked, “Is it I?” None of the disciples knew Judas would betray Christ.
D. The confusion—v. 23. Can you picture the confusion? These disciples had been with Christ for three years. He had taught them how to preach, heal the sick, and cast out devils. Now, one of these would betray Him!
E. The character—v. 25. Judas asked Jesus, “Is it I?” Jesus answered, “Thou hast said,” meaning, “You are right.”
III. THE PARTICULARS—vv. 26–30
Some Protestant and Catholic churches believe that when they have Holy Communion they are actually eating the flesh and drinking the blood of Jesus. They call it transubstantiation. However, the bread and wine are just symbols of His body and blood.
A. The sign—v. 26. Jesus used the bread to show how His body would be broken (compare John 1:29; 6:33).
B. The symbols—vv. 27–28. The wine is a type of His blood given for the remission of sin (see Heb. 9:22; 1 John 1:7). Cleansing from all sin!
C. C. The sorrow—v. 29. The Last Supper together. Christ looks forward to the Marriage Supper of the Lamb (Rev. 19:9).
D. The song—v. 30. They sang a hymn and went out into the garden.
Pentz, C. M. (1976). Expository Outlines from Matthew (p. 25). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.